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Complex gendered dynamics, including power differentials, violence, and social norms, shape the overdose crisis and drug treatment programs which can adversely impact women's experiences. This qualitative study examines how social (e.g., gender, income, housing) and structural factors (e.g., program policies) impact women's experiences of iOAT.
Initial iOAT engagement was a relational process, including initiating treatment with a partner and engaging with iOAT to (re)build personal relationships. Relationships with iOAT providers, including flexibility and support with medication administration, were important to women, providing an affirming embodied experience and a greater sense of agency. However, program operations (e.g., mandated daily attendance, program crowding) incompatible with women's needs (e.g., employment) could undermine these positive experiences. Women's reported outcomes highlight a tension between achieving more agency and the constraints of intensive and stigmatized treatment.
Qualitative interviews (n=16) and 50 hours of ethnographic observations