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We examined post-release OAT discontinuation in a cohort of men who engaged in approximately monthly injecting drug use (IDU) prior to imprisonment in Victoria, Australia.
In a cohort of men with recent histories of IDU released from prison receiving OAT, half reported OAT discontinuation within two years of release from prison, with incidence of discontinuation greatest soon after prison-release. Targeted support for men who initiate OAT during episodes of imprisonment and Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples is necessary to reduce incidence of OAT discontinuation among people at greatest risk of discontinuation